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Eye Diseases

Complete Family Eye Care’s Optometrists Routinely Diagnose and Treat Eye Disease

“Eye disease” is a blanket term that refers to a host of diseases relating to the function of the eye. Below we describe some of the more common types of eye diseases and how they are generally treated. For more in-depth information, please speak with your eye care provider at Complete Family Eye Care.

Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

Closeup pinkeye (conjunctivitis) infection in a young boy.

Closeup of Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis) infection in a young boy.

Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is an infection or inflammation of the conjunctiva – the thin, protective membrane that covers the surface of the eyeball and inner surface of the eyelids. Caused by bacteria, viruses, allergens and other irritants like smoke and dust, pink eye is highly contagious and is usually accompanied by redness in the white of the eye and increased tearing and/or discharge.

While many minor cases improve within two weeks, some can develop into serious corneal inflammation and threaten sight. If you suspect conjunctivitis, visit your eye care provider at Complete Family Eye Care for an examination and treatment.

View this video to learn more about Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye).

Diabetic Eye Disease

Diabetic eye disease is a general term for a group of eye problems that can result from having type 1 or type 2 diabetes, including diabetic retinopathy, cataracts and glaucoma.

Often there are no symptoms in the early stages of diabetic eye disease, so it is important that you don’t wait for symptoms to appear before having a comprehensive eye exam. Early detection and treatment of diabetic eye disease will dramatically reduce your chances of sustaining permanent vision loss.

More information is available in this video about Diabetic Eye Disease.

Glaucoma

Often called “the silent thief of sight,” glaucoma is an increase in the intraocular pressure of the eyes, which causes damage to the optic nerve with no signs or symptoms in the early stages of the disease. If left untreated, glaucoma can lead to a decrease in peripheral vision and eventually blindness.

While there is no cure for glaucoma, there are medications and surgery available that can help halt further vision loss. Early detection and regular eye exams are vital to slowing the progress of the disease.

Learn more about Glaucoma in this short video.

Macular Degeneration

This ophthalmic image shows the retina and optic nerve inside a healthy human eye. The dark area in the center of the image is the macula, the center of vision. In instances of macular degineration, the macula appears .negatively affecting central vision.

This image shows the retina and optic nerve inside a healthy human eye. The dark area in the center of the image is the macula, the center of vision. In instances of macular degeneration, the macula has deteriorated. Patients with this condition are unable to see central vision clearly.

Macular degeneration is a chronic, progressive disease that gradually destroys sharp central vision due to a deterioration of the macula, a tiny spot in the central portion of your retina comprised of millions of light-sensing cells. Because it is so commonly associated with aging, it is also known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). There are two forms of AMD called “dry,” most common and with no known treatment, and “wet,” less common and treated with laser procedures. Genetic testing is now available to help identify those most likely to develop “wet” macular degeneration.

In most cases, reversing damage caused by AMD is not possible, but supplements, protection from sunlight, eating a balanced diet and quitting smoking can reduce the risk and progression of macular degeneration. For suggestions, speak with your eye care provider at Complete Family Eye Care.

View this video to learn more about symptoms of Macular Degeneration.

Complete Family Eye Care has the experience and equipment required to diagnose and often treat the eye diseases discussed above, as well as many others.  For more information, please schedule an appointment with one of our Corpus Christi Optometrists.